23 May 2018 - چهارشنبه 2 خرداد 1397
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موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
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پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
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تجزیه زیستی پساب‌های حاوی مواد رنگزاي صنعتی؛ کاربرد قارچ‌های پوسیدگی سفید تثبیت‌شده

نشریه: سال هفتم - شماره دوم - تابستان 1396 - مقاله 3   صفحات :  1 تا 12



کد مقاله:
JSCW-17-11-2016-10296

مولفین:
فاطمه تابنده: پژوهشگاه ملی مهندسی ژنتیک و زیست فناوری - پژوهشکده زیست فناوری صنعت و محیط زیست
مصطفی زحمتکش: دانشگاه صنعتی دلف - دانشکده مدیریت آب
کژال فرهمندی: پژوهشگاه ملی مهندسی ژنتیک و بیوتکنولوژی - پژوهشکده زیست فناوری صنعت و محیط زیست


چکیده مقاله:

قارچ‌های پوسیدگی سفید، ایزوآنزيم‌های گوناگونی از اکسیدازهای خارج سلولی ازجمله لیگنین پراکسیداز، منگنز پراکسیداز و لاکاز تولید می‌کند که توانایی تجزیه لیگنین را دارند. سیستم تجزیه‌کننده لیگنین قارچ‌های پوسیدگی سفید به علت خاصیت غیرویژه بودن آنزیم‌های پراکسیداز تولیدی، توانایی تجزیه طیف وسیعی از مواد سمی و سرطان‌زا از جمله مواد رنگزاي صنعتی را دارا می‌باشند. مطالعات آزمایشگاهی در زمينه توانایی و فیزیولوژی سیستم لیگنوليتیک قارچ‌های پوسیدگی سفید، امكان استفاده از اين قارچ‌ها برای تیمار پساب کارخانجات تولید و مصرف‌کننده مواد رنگزاي صنعتی را ثابت نموده است. تثبیت این قارچ‌ها برای استفاده در راكتورهاي زيستي به‌منظور تیمار پساب‌های رنگی با حجم‌های بالا ضروری می‌باشد. حامل‌های گوناگونی برای تثبیت این قارچ‌ها مورد آزمایش قرار گرفته‌اند. در این مقاله ضمن توجه به ويژگي‌هاي متابولیک و فیزیولوژیک قارچ‌های پوسیدگی سفید و سیستم لیگنولیتک آن‌ها، به نتايج پژوهش‌هايي اشاره مي‌شود كه تا‌كنون براي حذف پساب‌هاي رنگي با استفاده از اين قارچ‌ها به صورت آزاد يا تثبيت‌شده انجام گرفته است و چشم انداز ادامه این پژوهش‌ها ارائه مي‌گردد


Article's English abstract:

The white rot fungi can produce different isoenzymes of extracellular oxidases such as lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase and laccase having ability to decompose lignin. Because of the non-specific nature of peroxidases produced by lignin-degrading system of white rot fungi, they can be used for degradation of a wide range of toxic and carcinogenic materials including industrial dyes. Laboratory studies on the ability and physiology of lignolytic system of white rot fungi demonstrated that it is promising to use these fungi for wastewater treatment of those companies which produce and consume industrial dyes. For large-scale treatment of wastewater containing dyes, it is necessary to immobilize these fungi on suitable carries in bioreactors. In this article, considering the metabolic and physiological characteristics of white rot fungi and their lignolytic system, the previous studies carried out on the degradation of dye wastewater using these fungi in free or immobilized form have been mentioned and their perspective has been also presented.


کلید واژگان:
قارچ‌های پوسیدگی سفید، تجزیه زیستی پساب، مواد رنگزاي صنعتی، لیگنین.

English Keywords:
White rot fungi, Biodegradation of wastewater, Industrial dyes, Lignin.

منابع:
5. س. احمدی اسب چین، ح. مرادی، ر. تبرکی، '' مطالعه تجزیه میکروبی ماده رنگزای ایندیگوکارمین توسط باکتری گرم منفی اسینتوباکتر لووفی"، نشریه علمی پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ، 10، 65-70، 1395. 10. ف. امامی، ع. تهرانی بقا،" مطالعه ای بر روش های اکسیداسیون تصفیه پساب نساجی"، مجله شیمی نساجی،96، 42-45 و 97، 58-60، 1389.

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