21 September 2017 - پنج شنبه 30 شهريور 1396
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جستجوی پیشرفته
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موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
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پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
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مروری بر غشا الیاف توخالی و کاربرد آنها در حذف مواد رنگزا از پساب رنگرزی

نشریه: سال ششم- شماره دوم- تابستان 1395 - مقاله 4   صفحات :  19 تا 42



کد مقاله:
JSCW-29-05-2016-10273

مولفین:
فاطمه کوهستانی: دانشگاه گیلان - گروه مهندسی نساجی
مهدی نوری: دانشگاه گیلان - گروه مهندسی نساجی


چکیده مقاله:

با پیشرفت فناوري‌هاي مختلف، پساب حاصل از فرآیندهای صنعتی تهدیدی جدی برای محیط‌زیست به شمار می‌رود. به دلیل خطرات زیست‌محیطی پساب مواد رنگزا، بررسی ‌روش‌هاي چون جداسازی غشایی اهمیت ویژه ای دارد. امروزه فناوری غشایی به دلیل برخورداری از مزایای بسیاری مورد توجه مي‌باشد. از آنجا که یکی ازمهم‌ترین کاربردهای غشا در زمینه‌ی فلیتر كردن است. در نتیجه از غشا می‌توان در تصفیه‌ی پساب‌های نساجی با استفاده از فرآیندهای فيلتري‌شدن (میکرو، اولترا و نانوفيلتري‌شدن) در زمینه حذف مواد رنگزا استفاده کرد. از بین غشاهای تولیدشده غشاهای الیاف توخالی به دلیل نسبت سطح به حجم زیاد در زمینه‌ی فيلتري‌شدن، بیشتر مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. ازکاربردهای غشای الیاف توخالی می‌توان به جداسازی مایعات وگازها،تصفیه پساب‌های صنعتی و نساجی اشاره کرد. در این مقاله ابتدا به بررسی انواع غشا و ‌روش‌هاي تولید آن پرداخته، و سپس کاربرد آنها را در حذف مواد رنگزا از پساب نساجی مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرد.


Article's English abstract:

With the development of technology, wastewater from industrial processes is a serious threat to the environment. Due to environmental hazardous of dyeing wastewater, membrane separation method is considered. These days, the membrane technology is highly considered because of its benefits. Since the one of the most important applications in the field of membrane is Filtration. As a result, the membrane can be used in textile wastewater treatment by using of filtration processes (micro, ultra and nanofiltration) which is used in the field of dye removal. Hollow fiber membranes are further considered among their high surface to volume ratio in the field of filtration. These membranes are efficient in fluid separation include gas, wastewater treatment and textile industries. In this article first, types of membrane and its production methods are studied, and then their application in dye removal from textile wastewater is considered.


کلید واژگان:
جداسازی غشایی، فیلتر كردن، غشا الیاف توخالی، تصفیه پساب مواد رنگزا.

English Keywords:
Membrane separation, Filtration, Hollow fiber membrane, The dye wastewater treatment

منابع:
3. سلجوقی ا ، فناوری ساخت، اصلاح و ارزیابی غشاهای پلیمری، انتشارات جهاد دانشگاهی، (1392). 19.موسوی ع.، پور افشاری چنار م.، صادقی م.، احمدیان ع.، ساخت غشای الیاف توخالی پلی سولفون و اثر حلال و فاصله هوایی بر شکل شناسی آن، مجله علوم و تکنولوژی پلیمر، ،19(6)، صص 459-465. 1385. 64.ف. رکابدار،"کاربرد فرايند فيلتراسيون غشايي در تصفيه پساب نفتي واحد پالايش نفت"، پژوهش نفت. (63)20، 71-57 ،1389. 94.ع. موسوی، م.پور افشاری چنار، م.صادقی، ک.وخشوردی، "ساخت و بررسی مورفولوژیکی غشاءهای الیاف توخالی پلی‌سولفون"، دهمین کنگره ملی مهندسی شیمی ایران، 55-57، 1384. 97. م.غلامی، س.ناصری، ر. میرزایی، ق.ا. شمس خرم آبادی، "توسعه فناوري غشاهاي صاف سازي جهت حذف رنگزاي راكتيو از فاضلاب صنـايع نساجي"، فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی لرستان،(2)11، 1388. 101.ت. عاقبتی، م. نوری، م. عباسی، "حذف رنگزا از پساب صنايع نساجي با استفاده از غشاي الياف توخالي پلي آكريلونيتريل"، نشريه علوم و فناوري رنگ،1550- 2014-11-11 JCST- ،1394.

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