28 July 2017 - جمعه 6 مرداد 1396
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جستجوی پیشرفته
شناسنامه ی نشریه
صاحب امتیاز:
موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
مدیر مسئول:
پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
سردبیر:
دکتر شهره روحانی
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دکتر مریم عطائی فرد
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2251-7278
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2383-2223
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حكاكي اسيدي تر شيشه و پوشش‌هاي مورد استفاده

نشریه: سال ششم-شماره اول- بهار 1395 - مقاله 7   صفحات :  49 تا 62



کد مقاله:
JSCW-06-03-2016-10261

مولفین:
حسین پاداش: موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش -
حسن احمدی‌مقدم: موسسه پژوهشي علوم و فناوري رنگ و پوشش - گروه رنگدانه‌هاي معدني و لعاب
فرهود نجفی: موسسه پژوهشي علوم و فناوري رنگ و پوشش - گروه رزین و افزودنی ها


چکیده مقاله:

استفاده از حكاكي اسيدي برای ایجاد نقوش مختلف روی شیشه و تزيين آن در صنعت متداول است. اسيد فلوريدريك مايع، املاح و خمير آن به‌عنوان عامل خورنده قوي سطح شيشه مورد استفاده قرار مي‌گيرند. در فرآينده حكاكي اسيدي ‌تر از لايه پوششي محافظ (ماسك) براي جلوگيري از گسترش مايع اسيد به نواحي غير حكاكي اسيدي، استفاده مي‌شود. در اين بررسي، ابتدا، حكاكي اسيدي و تجهیزات و مراحل فرآیند معرفی می‌شوند. در ادامه، به اهداف و کاربردهای عمده‌ی آن و به بررسی خواص مورد نياز در پوشش محافظ مربوطه پرداخته می‌شود. این خواص شامل، چسبندگی در فصل مشترک، مقاومت به اسید يا خمير مورد استفاده، قابلیت اعمال با روش‌های مختلف، يكنواختي در ضخامت، قابلیت حذف با حلال مناسب، می‌شوند. در پايان پوشش‌های متداول حكاكي اسيدي شیشه معرفی می‌شوند.


Article's English abstract:

Surface etching technique is commonly used for industrial decoration of glasses. Hydrofluoric acid (HF) solutions or pastes, pure or mixed with other chemicals, are employed as strong corrosive agents to engrave chemically the glass surface. In the wet etching method protective layers as masks are required extensively to prevent the flow of corrosive liquids to undesired regions. Here, in this study, the corrosive etching technique on different surfaces, and the corresponding processes with their required tools are introduced. In continuation, the mask property requirements are discussed. They include topics such as; interfacial adhesion, and chemical resistances properties to acid and corrosive paste, relevant glass masking techniques, uniformity of the mask film and mask removal or the dissolution by appropriate solvents. Lastly, conventional protective coatings in wet etching of glass are introduced.


کلید واژگان:
حكاكي اسيدي شیشه، اسيد فلوريدريك، ماسك، عامل خورنده، حلال‌ها.

English Keywords:
Glass etching, Hydrofluoric acid, Mask, Corrosive agent, Solvents.

منابع:

English References:
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