22 September 2018 - شنبه 31 شهريور 1397
جستجوی مقالات
کلید واژگان
جستجوی پیشرفته
شناسنامه ی نشریه
صاحب امتیاز:
موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
مدیر مسئول:
پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
سردبیر:
دکتر شهره روحانی
مدیر اجرایی:
دکتر مریم عطائی فرد
شاپا چاپی:
2251-7278
شاپا الکترونیکی:
2383-2223
دسترسی سریع
آخرین شماره ها
نظر سنجی
نظر شما در مورد سایت نشریه دنیای رنگ چیست؟
مطلوب
نسبتا مطلوب
نیاز به بهسازی دارد
ضعیف

مروری بر مواد رنگزا: انواع، پیشرفت‌ و سازوكار عملکرد آن‌ها به‌منظور کاربرد در سلول‌های‌ خورشیدی آلی

نشریه: سال هفتم - شماره چهارم - زمستان 1396 - مقاله 8   صفحات :  55 تا 69



کد مقاله:
JSCW-2017-09-12-10326

مولفین:
شعله کاظمی فرد: دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر - گروه مستقل شیمی
لیلا ناجی: دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر - گروه مستقل شیمی
فرامرز افشار طارمی: دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر - دانشکده مهندسی پلیمر و رنگ


چکیده مقاله:

امروزه کاربرد انرژی‌های نو و در راس آنها انرژی خورشیدی بدلیل ظرفیت بالا، دسترسی آسان و هزینه‌های پایین بسیار مورد توجه دانشمندان قرار گرفته است. بنابراین درک و شناخت روش‌های تبدیل انرژی خورشیدي به انرژی الکتریکی در توسعه کاربرد این انرژی تاثیر بسزایی دارد. سلول‌ خورشیدی دستگاهی است که انرژی خورشیدي را طی پدیده فوتوولتائیک بطور مستقیم به انرژی الکتریکی تبدیل می‌‌کند. دو گروه مهم از سلول‌های خورشیدی شامل سلول‌های خورشیدی حساس‌شده به ماده رنگزا و سلول‌های خورشیدی پلیمری می‌‌باشند که نقطه تمرکز مقاله مروری پیش رو نیز هستند. از اجزای اصلی سلول‌های خورشیدی، ترکیبات جاذب نور یا تولید‌کننده الکترون-حفره می‌‌باشند. در سلول‌های خورشیدی حساس‌شده به مواد رنگزا، مواد رنگزا مسئول جذب نور و انتقال الکترون به نیمه‌هادی می‌‌باشد. از اینرو، شناخت ساختار و عملکرد ماده رنگزا در سلول خورشیدی حساس‌شده به مواد رنگزا از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است. به‌همین دلیل معرفی مواد رنگزا، سازوكار عملکرد و پیشرفت‌های حاضر در ارتباط با کاربرد آن‌ها در سلول‌های خورشیدی حساس‌شده به ماده رنگزا ارائه شده است. همچنین اخیرا کاربرد ماده رنگزا در سلول‌های خورشیدی پلیمری نیز مشاهده شده است و در این مقاله، به نمونه‌هایی از این پیشرفت‌ها اشاره شده است. درنهایت سازوكار عملکرد ماده رنگزا در حضور پلیمر (سازوكار فورستر) در سلول‌های خورشیدی پلیمری ارائه گردید.


Article's English abstract:

Today, scientists pay much attention to application of renewable energy resources, especially solar energy, due to its high capacity, availability and low cost. Thus, understanding and realizing the methods to covert solar energy to electricity is a key to improvement of this technology. Solar cells are devices that convert directly solar energy to electricity based on photovoltaic effect. Two main categories of solar cells including dye sensitized solar cells DSSCs and polymer solar cells PSCs have been considered in the present review paper. Photon absorber materials or electron-hole generators are one of the main components in the structure of solar cells. In DSSC, dye absorbs light and transfer electron to semiconductor material. Therefore it’s an important parameter to recognition the dye structure and performance. So, different dyes introduction, performance mechanism and their improvement for application in DSSCs is considered in this paper. Also in recent years, application of dyes in PSCs has been reported; therefore some of these applications have been investigated. Finally, the performance mechanism of dye in the presence of polymer Forster Mechanism in PSCs is presented.


کلید واژگان:
سلول خورشیدی پلیمری، ماده رنگزاي آلی، سلول خورشیدی حساس‌شده به ماده رنگزا، سطح انرژی، کمپلکس فلزی.

English Keywords:
Polymer solar cell, Organic dye, Dye sensitized solar cell, Energy level, Metal complex.

منابع:
4. ش. موسی خانی، ع. ا. صباغ الوانی، ع. ا. سرابی، س. کیانی، ح. سامعی، "نسل های مختلف سلول های خورشیدی و روش های بهبود بازدهی"، نشریه علمی ترویجی مطالعات در دنیای رنگ، 2، 8-3، 1391. 5. ش. کاظمی فرد، ل. ناجی، ف. افشار طارمی، ز. فخاران،" مروری بر انواع مختلف سلول های خورشیدی و مکانیزم عملکرد آنها"، فصلنامه علمی ترویجی انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر و نو، 2، 71-63، 1394. 17. س. کیانی، ع. ا. صباغ الوانی، م. خراسانی، ش. موسی خانی، "سلول‌های خورشیدی پلیمری: ساختار، عملکرد و روش‌های بهبود بازدهی"، نشریه علمی ترویجی مطالعات در دنیای رنگ، 2، 16-11، 1391. م. حسین نژاد، ک. قرنجیگ، "مروری بر آخرین تحقیقات درباره کاربردهای مواد رنگزای طبیعی در رنگرزی، مواد خوراکی و سلول های خورشیدی"، نشریه علمی ترویجی مطالعات در دنیای رنگ، 7، 27-17، 1396.

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