چارچوب‌های آلی-فلزی بر پایه‌ کاتیون‌های چند ظرفیتی به منظور حذف مواد رنگزا از پساب‌های رنگی

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده مهندسی پلیمر و رنگ، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

2 پژوهشکده پلیمر و رنگ، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

3 دانشیار، دانشکده مهندسی پلیمر و رنگ، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

4 پژوهشکده رنگ و پلیمر، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

5 گروه مواد پیشرفته، انجمن علمی رنگ ایران

6 استاد پژوهشگر، پژوهشکده رنگ و پلیمر، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

7 دانشجوی دکترا، دانشکده مهندسی پلیمر و رنگ، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

چکیده

امروزه، رشد بسیار زیاد جمعیت و کاهش بارندگی‌ها به دلیل تغییر روند آب وهوایی کره‌ زمین از یک سو و از سویی دیگر به دلیل رشد صنایع پر مصرف آب، مانند صنایع نساجی، منابع آب شرب به میزان زیادی مورد تهدید قرار گرفته‌اند. اکسایش پیشرفته به دلیل هزینه کمتر و بازده بالا‌تر گزینه مناسب‌تری به  منظور تصفیه‌ پساب می‌باشد. از میان مواد مورد  استفاده در روش اکسایش پیشرفته، چارچوب‌های آلی- فلزی که به پلیمر‌های کوئوردیناسیونی نیز مشهور هستند  به دلیل راحت‌تر بودن جداسازی در انتهای فرآیند، داشتن دو رفتار جذبی و تخریبی به منظور حذف مواد رنگزا، سنتز آسان، مقاومت مناسب در برابر عوامل شیمیایی و همچنین مساحت سطح بسیار بالا نسل جدیدی از مواد،  برای تصفیه‌ پساب را به وجود آورده‌اند. در این مطالعه  سعی شده است که چارچوب‌های آلی-فلزی و همچنین کاربرد آن‌ها به منظور حذف مواد رنگزا از پساب‌‌های رنگی معرفی و تشریح شوند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Cationic Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) for Dye Degradation in Waste Water

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hooman Pazhand 1 2
  • Ali Asghar Sabbagh Alvani 3 4 5
  • Hassan Sameie 6
  • Reza Salimi 6
  • Hossain Saeedi 7
1 Faculty of Polymer Engineering & Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology| Color and Polymer Research Center (CPRC), Amirkabir University of Technology
2 Faculty of Polymer Engineering & Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology| Color and Polymer Research Center (CPRC), Amirkabir University of Technology
3 Faculty of Polymer Engineering & Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology | Color and Polymer Research Center (CPRC), Amirkabir University of Technology | Advanced Materials Group, Iranian Color Society
4 Faculty of Polymer Engineering & Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology | Color and Polymer Research Center (CPRC), Amirkabir University of Technology | Advanced Materials Group, Iranian Color Society
5 Faculty of Polymer Engineering & Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology | Color and Polymer Research Center (CPRC), Amirkabir University of Technology | Advanced Materials Group, Iranian Color Society
6 Color and Polymer Research Center (CPRC), Amirkabir University of Technology
7 Faculty of Polymer Engineering & Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, the facts such as papulation growth, climate change, development in industries e.g. (textile industry) and so on threaten the water resources. Waste water which produces by industries contains millions of organic compounds which is so dangerous to ecology and human health.  To solve this important issue, researchers carried out a huge number of studies on it and suggest various solutions including water recycling and water treatment. Water treatment is classified in four major aspects such as chemical, physical, biological and advanced oxidation process method ( AOP) . Among them, advanced oxidation process and the use of materials like photo catalysts  have received great attention due to their low cost and high efficiency.  Among photo catalysts, MOFs are assumed as the new generation of porous materials which are utilized due to the degradation and adsorption behavior, the feasibility of synthesis, and high chemical and physical resistance. This paper aims to investigate the water treatment process using MOFs.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Metal-Organic Frameworks
  • Water treatment
  • Advanced Oxidation Process
  • dye degradation
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