کاربردهای زیستی پوشش‌های نانوساختار بر پایه کربن

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار،گروه نانوفناوری رنگ- موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش

2 شرکت اطلس پوشش محافظ

چکیده

تعمیر و جایگزینی بافت‌ها و اندام‌های بیمار و آسیب دیده انسانی با استفاده از قطعات روز به روز در حال افزایش است. طول عمر و زیست‌سازگاری بالا، دو عامل اصلی در فرآیند طراحی و ساخت قطعات مورد استفاده در پزشکی (نظیر ایمپلنت‌های زیستی)، محسوب می‌شوند. یکی از بزرگ‌ترین مشکلات قطعات مورد استفاده در پزشکی سایش می‌باشد. به‌منظور بهبود مقاومت سایشی، می‌توان از پوشش‌های محافظتی استفاده نمود. از سوی دیگر، بیشتر قطعات زیستی فلزی بوده و احتمال آزاد شدن یون‌های فلزی خطرناک از سطح آن‌ها و ورود آن‌ها به بدن وجود دارد که این پوشش محافظ می‌تواند به عنوان سدی در برابر آزاد شدن و نفوذ یون‌ها به بافت بدن عمل نمایند. نتایج تحقیقات متعدد نشان داده است که پوشش‌های نانوساختار پوشش‌های الماس‌گون کربنی (Diamond-Like Carbon (DLC)) توانایی ایجاد این خواص را بر سطح قطعات زیستی دارند. پوشش‌های الماس‌گون کربنی به‌دلیل وجود نواحی گرافیتی بر سطح خود، ضریب اصطکاک بسیار پائینی داشته و مقاومت سایشی پوشش‌ها را بهبود می‌بخشند. از طرفی با کنترل شرایط اعمال آن‌ها، می‌توان پوشش‌هایی با خواص مکانیکی خوب و سختی بالا (حدود الماس) را به‌دست آورد که خواص تریبولوژی سطح را به میزان قابل ملاحظه‌ای بهبود خواهند بخشید. این پوشش‌ها به روش‌های متعددی نظیر لایه نشانی فیزیکی از فاز بخار (PVD) و لایه نشانی شیمیایی از فاز بخار (CVD) تهیه می‌شوند و با اضافه کردن عناصری نظیر نیتروژن، مس و نقره می‌توان خواص ویژه‌ای را بر سطح آن‌ها بوجود آورد. مقاله حاضر در برگیرنده‌ مطالعات انجام شده در حوزه‌ استفاده از پوشش‌های نانوساختار الماس‌گون کربنی (DLC) در کاربردهای پزشکی نظیر ارتوپدی، سامانه قلبی عروقی، چشم پزشکی (لنزهای تماسی) و دندانپزشکی می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Biomedical Applications of Nanostructured Carbon-Based Coatings

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sara Khamseh 1
  • Eiman Alibakhshi 2
1 Department of Nanomaterials and Nanocoatings, Institute for Colour Science and Technology
2 Atlas Protecting Coating Company
چکیده [English]

The repair and replacement of diseased tissues and injured organs of humans is increasing day by day. Long lifetime and high biocompatibility are two main factors in the process of designing and manufacturing components used in medicine (such as biological implants). Wear is one of the biggest problems with the parts used in medicine. The protective coatings can be used to improve the wear resistance. On the other hand, most of the biodegradable parts are metallic, and there is a possibility that dangerous metal ions will be released from their surface and enter the body. Protective coatings can be used as a barrier against the release and penetration of ions affect the body's tissues. Numerous studies have shown that nanostructured diamond-like carbon coatings (DLC) have the ability to create these properties on the surface of biological components. These coatings are produced with several methods, such as the physical vapor barrier layer (PVD) and the chemical vapor barrier chemical layer (CVD), and by doping elements of nitrogen, copper and silver, unique properties can be created on their surface. The present paper includes studies in the field of using diamond carbon nanostructured coatings such as (DLC) in medical applications such as orthopedics, cardiovascular system, ophthalmology and dentistry.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • diamond-like carbon coatings
  • biomedical
  • biocompatibility
  • Synthesis methods
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