مقدمه‌ای بر عمل‌آوری با تابش فرابنفش/ ازن و کاربرد آن در مهندسی سطح الیاف و فیلم‌های پلیمری

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده مهندسی نساجی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

2 استاد، دانشکده مهندسی نساجی، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

چکیده

تابش فرابنفش/ ازن فناوری سریع و سازگار با محیط زیست برای اصلاح خواص سطح الیاف و فیلم‌های پلیمری ‌می‌‌باشد. در این مقاله ضمن معرفی عمل آوری تابش فرابنفش/ ازن و عوامل مهم این پروسه، سازوکار عملکرد این فرآیند از جنبه‌های گوناگون (شیمیایی و فیزیکی) بررسی شده است. شکل‌گیری رادیکال‌های آزاد بر سطح (به دلیل فعل و انفعالات نورشیمیایی) و ایجاد زبری‌های سطحی (به‌دلیل اثر اچ فیزیکی)، دو عامل کلیدی در مهندسی سطح الیاف و فیلم‌های پلیمری توسط تابش فرابنفش/ازن ‌می‌‌باشند. درادامه، موارد کاربرد عمل‌آوری تابش فرابنفش/ازن روی الیاف و فیلم‌های پلیمری به اجمال بیان شده و به عنوان مطالعه موردی، پژوهش‌های انجام شده درباره اصلاح خواص سطح الیاف و فیلم‌های پلیمری به کمک این فناوری بحث و بررسی شده است. این عمل‌آوری ‌می‌‌تواند سبب افزایش عمق رنگرزی بر الیاف شود. همچنین، از تابش فرابنفش/ازن برای بهبود خواص ضد‌الکتریسیته و آب‌دوستی الیاف و فیلم‌های پلیمری استفاده شده که در این مرور نتایج پژوهش‌های مزبور نیز بررسی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.22517278.1399.10.3.6.1

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Introduction to UV/Ozone Treatment and Its Applications in the Surface Engineering of Polymeric Fibers and Films

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farnaz-sadat Fattahi 1
  • seyed ahmad mousavi shoushtari 2
1 Department of Textile Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology
2 Department of Textile Engineering , Amirkabir University of Technology
چکیده [English]

UV/Ozone treatment is a fast and environmentally friendly technique for surface modification of polymeric fibers and films. In this study, UV/Ozone treatment and important factors of this method are introduced and the mechanism of this process has been investigated from various aspects (chemical and physical). The formation of free radicals on the surface (due to photochemical interactions) and the formation of surface roughness (due to the effect of physical etching) are two key factors in the surface engineering of polymeric fibers and films by UV/Ozone irradiation. Furthermore, the applications of UV/Ozone treatment on polymeric fibers and films are briefly stated and as a case study, the researchers are discussed on modification of the surface properties of polymeric fibers and films via this method. This treatment can increase the dyeing depth of the fibers. Also, UV/Ozone treatment has been used to improve the antistatic and hydrophilic properties of polymeric fibers and films, and the results of these studies have been reviewed in this review.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • UV/Ozone irradiation
  • Surface engineering
  • Fibers
  • Ecofriendly
  • Surface Analysis
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