رنگ‌زدایی و تصفیه پساب رنگی با استفاده از راکتور پلاسمای سرد تخلیه سد دی‌الکتریک

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 دانشیار، گروه فیزیک، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

چکیده

رنگ‌ها به‌دلیل تنوع و ساختار پیچیده کاربردهای فراوانی دارند. در سال‌های اخیر پساب ناشی از تولید یا مصرف رنگ‌‌ها در صنایع مختلف، افزایش یافته و تبدیل به خطری جدی برای محیط‌زیست و سلامتی انسان‌ها شده است. در این مقاله، تاثیر پلاسمای سرد به‌عنوان یک فناوری جدید و پیشرفته جهت تصفیه رنگ از پساب آورده شده است. از این روش می‌توان برای کاربردهای مختلف از جمله تصفیه و پیش‌تصفیه پساب‌ها، حذف رنگدانه‌ها و مواد شیمیایی خطرناک از پساب‌ها استفاده کرد. در این سامانه‌ی تصفیه پساب، مواردی مانند ویژگی‌های پساب و مواد تشکیل‌دهنده هدف، نوع تخلیه مناسب و راکتور پلاسمای به‌کار برده شده، آزمایش‌های سمّیت و آزمایش‌های قابلیت تجزیه زیستی واسطه‌های تولید شده توسط پلاسما، ارزیابی سازگاری زیست‌محیطی فناوری‌های ترکیبی و برآورد اقتصادی مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. با توجه به مطالعات انجام شده، نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش بیانگر اثرات مثبت پلاسمای سرد بر رنگ‌زدایی از پساب و نیز افزایش کارآیی سامانه‌های نوین تصفیه پساب می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Decolorization and Treatment of Colored Wastewater Using Dielectric Barrier Discharge Cold Plasma Reactor

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Noorani Sanjabad 1
  • Ali Nematollahzadeh 2
  • Naser Sepehri Javan 3
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
3 Department of Physics, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
چکیده [English]

Dyes have many uses due to their variety and complex structure.In recent years, wastewater from the production or consumption of dyes in various industries have increased and become a serious threat to the environment and human health.The effect of cold plasma as a new and advanced technology for the treatment of dye from wastewater is presented in this review paper. This method can be used for various applications such as treatment and pre-treatment of effluents, removal of pigments, and hazardous chemicals from effluents.In this wastewater treatment system, different cases such as characteristics of effluent, target materials, type of suitable plasma discharge, reactor type, toxicity experiments, biodegradability tests of plasma generated intermediates, environmental compatibility assessment of combined technologies, and economic estimation were considered. According to the studies, the results indicated the positive effects of cold plasma for decolorization of wastewater and also increased efficiency of modern wastewater treatment systems.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cold plasma
  • treatment
  • Wastewater
  • Dye
  • Dielectric barrier discharge
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