پوشش‌های ضدیخ: مروری برفن‌آوری‌های روز و روش‌های ارزیابی

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو، گروه پژوهشی پوشش‌های سطح و خوردگی، پژوهشگاه رنگ

2 شرکت اطلس پوشش محافظ

3 دانشیار، گروه پژوهشی پوشش‌های سطح و خوردگی، پژوهشگاه رنگ

4 شرکت صبا شیمی آریا

5 شرکت مپنا ژنراتور (پارس)

چکیده

برای پاک‌سازی یخ از سطح، روش‌های سنتی (فعال) و روش‌های جدید (غیر‌فعال) وجود دارد. روش‌های غیر‌فعال مانند استفاده از پوشش‌های ضدیخ نیاز به انرژی خارجی ندارند. پوشش‌های ضد‌یخ کاربردهای متنوع در صنایع مختلف از جمله صنایع حمل و نقل، هوایی، برق و نظامی دارند. این پوشش‌ها با خاصیت دفع آب میزان آب تجمع یافته بر روی سطح را کاهش می‌دهند. از طرفی خاصیت کشسان این پوشش‌ها موجب می شود آب منجمد شده بر روی آن در اثر نیروی مکانیکی ضعیف جدا شود. این موضوع سبب پیدایش سطوح آسان تمیز شونده می‌شود. در این مقاله، ابتدا پیش‌نیازهایی که برای دستیابی به پوشش ضدیخ مورد توجه قرار می‌گیرند ارائه می‌شود. سپس به بررسی روش‌های فعال و غیر‌فعال پرداخته شده و تئورهای موجود به همراه مثال‌هایی از هر روش نمایش داده می‌شود. در انتها نیز آزمون‌های ارزیابی مختلفی که برای پوشش‌های ضدیخ/یخ‌گریز وجود دارد مرور شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.22517278.1400.11.1.6.4

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Anti-ice Coatings: A Review of Current Technologies and Evaluation Procedure

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sepideh Akbaripoor Tafreshi Nejad 1
  • Mahmoud Shariatmadar 1
  • Eiman Alibakhshi 2
  • Bahram Ramezanzadeh 3
  • Mojtaba Kasaian 4
  • Samira Shaghaghi 5
  • Elaheh Shahsavari 5
  • Mohammad Mahdavian 3
1 Surface Coatings and Corrosion Department, Institute for Color Science and Technology
2 Atlas Protecting Coating
3 Surface Coatings and Corrosion Department, Institute for Color Science and Technology
4 Saba Shimi Arya,
5 MAPNA Generator and Wind Turbin Engineering and Manufacturing Co.(PARS)
چکیده [English]

Conventional (active) and modern (passive) methods are available for ice removal from the surface. Passive approaches such as anti-ice coating do not require external energy. Anti ice coatings have diverse applications in disparate industries, including transportation, aviation industry, power transmission lines, and military applications. Due to the water repellency characteristics, anti-ice coatings reduce water accumulation on the surface. On the other hand, the elastic property of these coatings causes ice removal by weak mechanical forces, which leads to the emergence of easy defrost surfaces. In this paper, the prerequisites that are considered for acquiring anti-ice coatings are presented in the first place. Then active and passive methods are investigated, and the theory of each technique followed by an example for each is put forward.  Eventually, different evaluations which are available for anti-ice/ice phobic coatings are reviewed.


 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anti-ice coatings
  • Ice-phobic coatings
  • Evaluation methods
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