کاربرد نانوالیاف پلیمری در حذف مواد رنگزا از محیط آبی

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آلودگی محیط‌زیست، گروه محیط‌زیست، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و محیط‌زیست، پردیس امیرآباد، دانشگاه بیرجند

2 استادیار، گروه محیط‌زیست، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و محیط‌زیست، پردیس امیرآباد، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند

3 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی نساجی، دانشگاه یزد

چکیده

توسعه زندگی اجتماعی و صنعتی‌شدن کشورها منجر به آلودگی‌های زیست‌محیطی فراوانی شده است. از میان آلاینده‌های صنعتی که به جریان‌های آبی ورود پیدا می‌کنند، مواد رنگزا به دلیل پایداری و مقاومت شیمیایی از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار هستند. با توجه به پیچیدگی آلاینده‌های ورودی به منابع آبی، استفاده از روشی با کارایی بالا در حذف مواد رنگزا، امری اجتناب‌ناپذیر می‌باشد. از میان جاذب‌های مختلف، نانوالیاف پلیمری، به دلیل وزن کم، سطح مخصوص زیاد، ساختار متخلخل پیوسته و قابلیت عامل‌دار شدن، به عنوان مواد غشایی موثر، در زمینه پالایش‌های زیست‌محیطی بکارگرفته می‌شوند. علاوه‌براین، جاذب‌های نانولیفی اصلاح شده، عملکرد جذب را به‌‌‌طور موثری بهبود می‌بخشند. در این مقاله، تحقیقات مختلف انجام شده در زمینه کاربرد نانوالیاف پلیمری مختلف در جداسازی موادرنگزا از آب، مرور و نتایج تحقیقات انجام شده در هر مورد بررسی و مقایسه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of Polymeric Nanofibers for Removal of Dyes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Khosravi Mohammad Soltan 1
  • Mahmood Hajiani 2
  • Aminoddin Haji 3
1 Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, University of Birjand
2 Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, University of Birjand
3 Department of Textile Engineering, Yazd University
چکیده [English]

The development of social life and the industrialization of countries have led to increased environmental pollution.Among the industrial pollutants entering the water flow, synthetic dyes are of particular importance due to their chemical stability and resistance to bio-degradation. Due to the complexity of contaminants found in the water resources, the use of high-performance adsorbents in dye removal is unavoidable. Among the various adsorbents, polymer-based electrospun nanofibres can be used as effective membrane materials for environmental refinement due to light weight, high surface area and continuous porous structure and functionality. In addition, modified    nanofiber adsorbents improve the absorption performance effectively. In this study, several investigations reported on the field of the application of polymeric nanofibers in dyes separation from aqueous media have been reviewed and the results of the reported literature in each case, have been studied and compared.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • synthetic dye
  • Adsorption
  • nanofiber
  • Electrospinning
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