مروری بر آخرین تحقیقات درباره سنتز مواد رنگزای فلورسنس با استفاده از روش ماکروویو

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، الف)گروه پژوهشی مواد رنگزای آلی؛ ب) قطب علمی رنگ، پژوهشگاه رنگ

2 دانشیار، الف)گروه پژوهشی مواد رنگزای آلی؛ ب) قطب علمی رنگ، پژوهشگاه رنگ

چکیده

روش ماکروویو به عنوان یک فرآیند جدید برای سنتز انواع ترکیبات آلی ازجمله مواد رنگزا مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. این روش دارای مزایای متعددی است که عبارتند از: سهولت انجام، سریع بودن، مقرون به صرفه بودن و بازدهی بالا. مواد رنگزا کاربردهای زیادی در حوزه‌های مختلف دارند. مواد رنگزای آلی دارای ویژگی‌های فوتوفیزیکی و فوتوشیمیایی و کاربردهای زیستی متفاوتی هستند. مهم‌ترین گروه‌های مواد رنگزا که با روش ماکروویو توسعه یافته‌اند عبارتند از: نفتالیمیدها، فنوتیازین‌ها، فلورسئین‌ها، پیریدینیم، سیانین‌ها، کوئینولین‌ها، کومارین‌ها، تری‌آزوکوئینوکسازین‌ها و ترکیبات مونوآزو دیسپرس. عواملی مانند دما، نوع حلال و قدرت تابش بر روی پیشرفت واکنش و بازده نهایی اثر بسزایی دارند. انتقال انرژی توسط فرآیند ماکروویو در محیط واکنش در حدود 9-10 ثانیه است. این مقاله مروری بر کاربرد روش ماکروویو برای سنتز مواد رنگزا با ویژگی‌های فلورسنس، لومینسانس و فوتوفیزیکی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Review of Recent Research into Synthesis of Fluorescent Dyes Using Microwave Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mozhgan Hosseinnezhad 1
  • Shohreh Rouhani 2
1 a) Department of Organic Colorants, b) Center of Excellence for Color Science and Technology, Institute for Color Science and Technology
2 a) Department of Organic Colorants, b) Center of Excellence for Color Science and Technology, Institute for Color Science and Technology
چکیده [English]

The microwave-assisted has been regarded as a new strategy in the synthesis various organic compounds especially organic dye. The technique offers a lot of advantages as it is simple, rapid, economic and efficient. Dyes are effective molecules have pivotal effects in several fields. Organic dyes were endowed with a diverse of photophysical and photochemical and biomedical applications. Novel microwave synthetic method for many types of dyes including naphthalimides, phenothiazines, fluorescein, pyridinones, cyanines, quinolines, coumarins, triazoloquinoxalines and monoazo disperse dyes were demonstrated. Factors like temperature, type of solvent and power control microwave reactions. Microwaves possess the potential to transport energy from one medium to another in a small duration of 10−9 s with every run of electromagnetic energy. This review highlights microwave applications for the synthesis of dyes with fluorescence, luminescence and photophysical properties.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fluorescent dye
  • Microwave
  • Efficiency
  • Synthesis
  • Naphthalimide
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