عنوان مقاله [English]
Ink-jet printing is a non-contact printing method. In this technology, the drops of ink are jetted digitally through a small nozzle onto the specific substrate to produce an image. The ink drop formation is initiated via a pressure pulse applied from the head of the printer to the nozzle. Depending on the way of creating the pressure pulse, the ink-jet printing heads are divided into different classes. These various classes of ink-jet printing head differ in term of the structure of the nozzle such as numbers, material, size and shape, printability of ink, droplet size and shape, print wide, resolution and durability. Therefore, in some cases, the choice of the exact printer is difficult for a researcher or customer. This paper reports different types of ink-jet printing heads within their characterization to giddiness user. Also, it introduces various manufacturers who produce a diverse class of head to use in different application such as paper, textile, ceramic and electronic.