فناوری‌های رنگرزی و تکمیل‌‌های نوین مورد استفاده در صنعت منسوجات و کف‌پوش

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی نساجی، دانشگاه یزد

2 استادیار، دانشکده هنر، دانشگاه علم و هنر

چکیده

امروزه کف‌پوش‌‌ها نقش مهمی را در زندگی بشری ایفا نموده و کاربردهای متنوعی دارند. از جمله رایج‌‌ترین کف‌پوش‌‌های خانگی، فرش (دست‌‌باف و ماشینی) و موکت است که در مکان‌‌های مختلف از جمله محیط‌‌های اداری و خانگی، و غیره کاربرد دارند. از سوی دیگر، افزایش رقابت جهانی در منسوجات، چالش‌‌های زیادی را برای محققان و صنعت نساجی به وجود آورده است. رشد سریع در تولید منسوجات با قابلیت‌‌های چندگانه فرصت‌‌های جدیدی را برای کاربرد تکمیل‌‌های جدید به وجود آورده است. تکمیل‌‌های نوین با ارزش افزوده بالا برای منسوجات نیز توسط بازار جهانی مصرفی با افزایش تقاضا مواجه می‌‌باشد. از این رو در تحقیق حاضر به فناوری‌‌های نوین از جمله فناوری نانو و پلاسما به منظور ایجاد قابلیت‌‌هایی همچون خواص ضدباکتری، ضدبید، ضدآتش و غیره بر روی کف‌پوش‌‌ها مخصوصاً فرش‌‌ها پرداخته خواهد شد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

New Dyeing Technology and Finishings Used in the Floor Coverings

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Zare 1
  • Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei 2
1 Textile Engineering Department, Yazd University
2 Art Department, Science and Arts University
چکیده [English]

Today, floor coverings play an essential role in human life and have a variety of uses. Among the most common home floor covering are carpets (handmade and machine-made) and moquette, which are used in various places, including office and home environments. On the other hand, increasing global competition in textiles has posed many challenges for researchers and the textile industry. The rapid growth in the production of textiles with multifunctional has created new opportunities for the application of new additions. New finishings with high value-added supplements for textiles are also in increasing demand by the global consumer market. Therefore, new technologies such as nanotechnology and plasma technology will be discussed in the current research to create capabilities such as antibacterial, anti-insect, anti-fire, etc., properties on floor coverings, especially carpets.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology
  • New finishing
  • dyeing
  • Textile
  • Floor covering
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