مروری بر خواص ضد‌باکتری، ضد‌میکروب و ضد‌قارچ ترکیبات گیاهی و کاربرد آنها در منسوجات

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده هنرهای کاربردی،گروه فرش، دانشگاه هنر

2 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه مطالعات عالی هنر، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

گیاهان بسیاری در سراسر جهان شناخته شده اند که دارای خواص دارویی-پزشکی از جمله خواص ضد‌باکتری، ضد‌میکروبی و ضد‌قارچ هستند. ترکیبات شیمیایی ضد‌باکتری و یا ضد‌میکروبی احتمال ایجاد حساسیت یا آلرژی در کاربر را دارند. علاوه بر این در فرآیند تولید و به کار‌گیری می‌توانند پساب‌های زیادی را وارد محیط‌زیست کنند که تصفیه و بازیافت آنها هزینه بر است. تحقیقات زیادی در این رابطه انجام شده که با بهره‌گیری از ترکیبات گیاهی دارای این خاصیت بتوان خاصیت ضد‌باکتری و ضد‌میکروبی و قارچ را در منسوجات ایجاد نمود. منسوجات یکی از ملزومات ضروری است که همه انسان‌ها به وفور در زندگی خود از آن‌ها استفاده می‌‌نمایند. امروزه به دلایل مختلفی از جمله مشکلات زیست محیطی تمایل به استفاده از ترکیبات طبیعی به جای مواد مصنوعی در صنایع نساجی از جمله فرآیند رنگرزی افزایش یافته است. علاوه بر این در فرآیند رنگرزی استفاده از برخی ترکیبات گیاهی (رنگ‌دهنده و یا غیر‌رنگی) می‌تواند خواص ضدباکتری، ضد‌میکروبی و ضد‌قارچ را حاصل نماید. این پژوهش مطالعات صورت گرفته در این حوزه و نتایج حاصل را به صورت مجموعه‌ای مدون نموده تا در تحقیقات آتی و کاربردی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.22517278.1398.9.1.5.9

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review on Antibacterial, Antifungal and Microbial Properties of Natural Herbals and Their Application on the Textiles

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Ahmadi 1
  • fateme gholami Houjeghan 2
1 Faculty of Applied Arts, Department of carpet, Art University
2 Comparative and Analytical History of Islamic art, Tehran University
چکیده [English]

Today, for various reasons, including environmental problems, natural ingredients are used instead of synthetic materials in the textile industry, specially the dyeing process. In addition, in the dyeing process, the use of some other herbal compounds gives special properties.  Antibacterial or antimicrobial chemical compounds in the production and using process induce a lot of wastewater into the environment, which is costly to clean and recycle. Textiles are one of the inevitable requirements that all humans use in their lives abundantly. Today, for various reasons, including environmental problems, the tendency to use natural compounds instead of synthetic materials has increased in the textile industry, including the dyeing process. Furthermore, using the herbal compounds can create special properties such as antibacterial and antimicrobial properties in textiles. A lot of research has been done in this regard. This research has been reviewed the results of researches in this area and classified them that will be easy for using in the new research and application of results. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Antibacterial
  • Natural Dye
  • Textile
  • Natural dyeing
  • Anti-microbial
 
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