مروری بر ماهیت و کاربرد رنگدانه سفید باریم در صنعت و هنر

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده حفاظت از آثار فرهنگی، دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز

2 کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده حفاظت از آثار فرهنگی، دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز

چکیده

مواد رنگی برحسب منشأ و انحلال‌پذیری و پوشش‌دهی خود به دو دسته رنگدانه‌ها با ساختار معدنی و ماده رنگزا با ساختار آلی تقسیم می‌شوند. سولفات باریم از اواخر سده هجدهم میلادی به‌عنوان رنگدانه سفید، چه به‌‌صورت تنها و چه در ترکیب با رنگدانه‌های دیگر به‌کاربرده شده است. این مقاله با هدف بررسی ماهیت و کاربرد این رنگدانه نگارش شده است و در طی آن ضمن ارائه مختصری از تاریخچه رنگدانه‌ها به بررسی مهم‌ترین خواص فیزیکی و شیمیایی گونه‌های رنگدانه‌ سفید پرداخته‌شده است. به علاوه سعی شده تمامی خواص ساختاری، فیزیکی، شیمیایی و چشمی رنگدانه باریم سولفات که موضوع اصلی این مقاله است به همراه طرز تهیه و روش‌های شناسایی و آسیب‌شناسی آن مورد بررسی قرار گیرد. نتایج مطالعات انجام شده حاکی از آن است که هرچند استفاده از رنگدانه مذکور به نسبت سایر رنگدانه‌های سفید، متأخرتر  بوده است لیکن تولید و سهولت استفاده، به واسطه خواص جالب توجه آن موجب وسعت کاربرد آن در هنر و صنعت گردیده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review of Artistic and Industrial Characteristic and Application of Brite

نویسندگان [English]

  • mehdi Razani 1
  • Mohaddeseh Sadat NaserAhary 2
1 Faculty of cultural materials conservation, Tabriz Islamic Art University
2 Faculty of cultural materials conservation, Tabriz Islamic Art University
چکیده [English]

According to the origin and the solubility in the coating, Colored materials are divided into inorganic pigments and organic dyes. Since the late 18th century, Barium sulfate has been used as a white pigment in different supports, either unaccompanied or combined with other pigments. The present paper aims to review the Characteristics and application of barite. In addition to representing a brief history of this pigment, white pigments' most important physical and chemical properties have been studied. Also, all of the structural, physical, chemical, and visual properties of barium sulfate pigment, which is the main issue of this article, with the preparation, identification, and diagnosis methods, have been studied. Although this pigment was used later than the other white pigments, its production and convenience of application have expanded usage in art and industry due to its attractive properties.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pigment
  • White barite
  • White pigment
  • Cultural heritage
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